Menopause Treatment Options
Fortunately, there are steps that can be taken to relieve the symptoms and lessen the impact of menopause.
- Be smoke free.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Exercise regularly. This will help offset the increased risks of heart disease and osteoporosis. Discuss ways to reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke with your health care provider.
- Ensure sufficient level of calcium. Make sure you are getting enough calcium through your diet and if needed through supplementation.
- Take vitamin D. The body needs vitamin D in order to absorb the calcium, so it is very important to get enough vitamin D.
- Consider taking bisphosphonates. They are non-hormonal medications that help manage osteoporosis. Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have some of the benefits of estrogen without some of the health risks associated with estrogen replacement. Discuss with your health care provider to see if these options are right for you.
- Consider hormone therapy (HT) can be either estrogen therapy (ET) or combined estrogen and progesterone therapy (EPT). This type of therapy can be used to treat menopausal symptoms by replacing the hormones the body is no longer making on its own. Progesterone is added to estrogen therapy if you have an intact uterus. This is done to protect the lining of the uterus from cancer that may result from estrogen supplementation alone. HT is available in a variety of forms: vaginal creams, vaginal ring, vaginal tablets, oral tablets and skin patches. HT has both benefits and drawbacks, including side effects. Discuss with your health care provider to see if HT is an option for you to manage your symptoms.
- Low-dose antidepressants have been shown to help with reducing the number and intensity of hot flashes and night sweats. Discuss with your health care provider to see if low-dose antidepressants are an option for you in managing hot flashes and night sweats.