Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
There are other differences between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes most often appears in children and young adults. While the exact cause is not known, it is believed that some people may be born with a gene that makes them susceptible to type 1 diabetes, but they do not develop the condition until something triggers the gene. The risk of type 1 diabetes in an individual increase if the person has a parent or sibling who has type 1 diabetes. About 10% of all the people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes tends to occur in people after the age of forty; though in recent years there has been an increase in the number of younger people with type 2 diabetes. Many experts believe that this may be due, in part, to the growing problem of childhood obesity.
Type 2 diabetes develops much more slowly than type 1 diabetes and may take several years before symptoms become severe enough to be noticed. The people most likely to develop this form of the condition generally have a family history of diabetes, are overweight, and are inactive.
Some ethnic groups are especially prone to developing type 2 diabetes, including those with South Asian, African, Hispanic, and First Nations heritage.